born on 30/1/1930 in San Bernardino, CA, United States
Links www.imdb.com (English)
|Spouse(s)||Betsy Arakawa (1991present)|
Eugene Allen "Gene" Hackman (born January 30, 1930) is a retired American actor and novelist.
Hackman has made 80 films. He came to fame in 1967 when his performance as Buck Barrow in Bonnie and Clyde earned him his first Oscar nomination. His major roles include police detective Popeye Doyle in The French Connection, surveillance expert Harry Caul in The Conversation, basketball coach Norman Dale in Hoosiers, the heroic Reverend Scott in The Poseidon Adventure, federal agent Rupert Anderson in Mississippi Burning, sadistic sheriff Little Bill Daggett in Unforgiven for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, arch-villain Lex Luthor in Superman (plus two of its sequels), Edward "Brill" Lyle in Enemy of the State, patriarch Royal Tenenbaum in The Royal Tenenbaums, submarine captain Frank Ramsey in Crimson Tide, professional thief Joe Moore in Heist and Admiral Leslie McMahon Reigart in Behind Enemy Lines.
Hackman was born in San Bernardino, California, the son of Lyda (née Gray) and Eugene Ezra Hackman. He has a brother, Richard. Hackman's family moved frequently, until finally settling in Danville, Illinois, where they lived in the house of his English-born maternal grandmother Beatrice, and where Hackman's father operated the printing press for the Commercial-News, a local paper. Hackman's parents divorced in 1943, and his father subsequently left the family. At 16, Hackman left home to join the U.S. Marine Corps, where he served four-and-a-half years as a field radio operator. Having finished his service, he moved to New York, working in several minor jobs. His mother died in 1962 as a result of a fire she accidentally set while smoking.
In 1956, Hackman decided to become an actor; he joined the Pasadena Playhouse in California. It was there that he forged a friendship with another aspiring actor, Dustin Hoffman. Already seen as outsiders by their classmates, Hackman and Hoffman were later voted "The Least Likely To Succeed." Determined to prove them wrong, Hackman hopped on a bus bound for New York City. A 2004 article in Vanity Fair described how Hackman, Hoffman and Robert Duvall were all struggling actors and close friends while living in New York City in the 1960s. Hackman was working as a doorman when he ran into an instructor whom he had despised at the Pasadena Playhouse. Reinforcing "The Least Likely To Succeed" vote, the man had said, "See, Hackman, I told you you wouldn't amount to anything."
Hackman began performing in several off-Broadway plays. In 1964, he had an offer to co-star in the play Any Wednesday with actress Sandy Dennis. This opened the door to film work. His first role was in Lilith, with Warren Beatty in the leading role. In 1967 Hackman appeared in an episode of the television series The Invaders entitled The Spores. Another supporting role, Buck Barrow in 1967's Bonnie and Clyde, earned him an Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actor. In 1969, he played a ski coach in Downhill Racer and an astronaut in Marooned. Also in 1969, he played the role of a member of a barnstorming skydiving team that entertained mostly at county fairs: The Gypsy Moths.
In 1970, he was nominated for the Best Supporting Actor Academy Award again, this time for I Never Sang for My Father, working alongside Melvyn Douglas and Estelle Parsons. The next year he won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his memorable performance as New York City police officer Popeye Doyle in The French Connection, marking his graduation to leading man status.
He followed this with leading roles in the disaster film The Poseidon Adventure (1972) and Francis Ford Coppola's The Conversation (1974) which was nominated for several Oscars. That same year Hackman appeared in what became one of his most famous comedic roles as the blind hermit in Young Frankenstein.
He later appeared as one of Teddy Roosevelt's former Rough Riders in the Western horse-race saga Bite the Bullet (1975) and in the star-studded war film A Bridge Too Far (1977) as Polish General Sosabowski. Hackman showed a talent for both comedy and the "slow burn" as criminal mastermind Lex Luthor in Superman: The Movie (1978), as he would in its 1980 and 1987 sequels.
By the end of the 1980s, Hackman alternated between leading and supporting roles, earning another Best Actor nomination for Mississippi Burning. He had a memorable part as a Secretary of Defense trying to cover up a homicide in 1987's No Way Out opposite Kevin Costner.
During this decade Hackman also could be seen in Reds, Under Fire, Hoosiers, Power, Uncommon Valor and Bat*21. A 2008 American Film Institute poll voted Hoosiers the fourth-greatest film of all time in the sports genre.
In 1990, the actor underwent heart surgery, which kept him from work for a while, although he found time for Narrow Margin a remake of The Narrow Margin (1952). In 1992, he played the sadistic sheriff "Little" Bill Daggett in the western Unforgiven directed by Clint Eastwood and written by David Webb Peoples which earned him a second Oscar, this time for Best Supporting Actor. The film won Best Picture.
Hackman co-starred with Tom Cruise as a corrupt lawyer in The Firm (1993) and appeared in a second John Grisham story in 1996, playing a convict on death row in The Chamber.
In 1995, Hackman played an inept Hollywood producer in Get Shorty and the villainous fast-draw champion John Herrod in The Quick and the Dead opposite Leonardo DiCaprio and Russell Crowe, as well as submarine Captain Frank Ramsey in the film Crimson Tide with Denzel Washington.
In 1996, he took a comedic turn as ultra-conservative Senator Kevin Keeley in The Birdcage with Robin Williams and Nathan Lane. He also co-starred with Will Smith in the 1998 film Enemy of the State, where his character was reminiscent of the one from The Conversation.
He played a President of the United States who commits a murder in 1997's Absolute Power, re-teaming with director-star Clint Eastwood.
Hackman starred in the David Mamet crime film Heist as an aging professional thief of considerable skill who is forced into one final job. He also had a leading role as the head of an eccentric family in the ensemble cast film The Royal Tenenbaums and in yet another Grisham legal drama, Runaway Jury, at long last getting to make a picture with his longtime friend Dustin Hoffman.
In 2003 at the Golden Globes, Hackman was honored with the Cecil B. DeMille Award for his "outstanding contribution to the entertainment field."
Together with undersea archaeologist Daniel Lenihan, Hackman has written three novels: Wake of the Perdido Star (1999), Justice for None (2004), and Escape from Andersonville (2008).
On July 7, 2004, Hackman gave a rare interview to Larry King, in which Hackman announced that he had no future film projects lined up, and believes his acting career is over. In 2008, while promoting his third novel, Hackman confirmed that he had retired from acting. His final film to date was Welcome to Mooseport (2004), a comedy with Ray Romano in which Hackman portrayed a former President of the United States.
Hackman's first wife was Faye Maltese. They had three children, Christopher Allen, Elizabeth Jean and Leslie Anne. The couple divorced in 1986 after 30 years of marriage. In 1991 Hackman married Betsy Arakawa. They live in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Betsy is co-owner of an upscale retail home-furnishing store in Santa Fe called Pandora's, Inc.
|1961||Mad Dog Coll||Policeman||uncredited|
|1966||Hawaii||Dr. John Whipple|
|1967||Banning||Tommy Del Gaddo|
|1967||Community Shelter Planning||Donald Ross Regional Civil Defense Officer|
|1967||A Covenant with Death||Harmsworth|
|1967||First to Fight||Sgt. Tweed|
|1967||Bonnie & Clyde||Buck Barrow||NominatedAcademy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|1968||The Split||Detective Lt. Walter Brill|
|1969||The Gypsy Moths||Joe Browdy|
|1969||Downhill Racer||Eugene Claire|
|1970||I Never Sang for My Father||Gene Garrison||NominatedAcademy Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|1971||Doctors' Wives||Dr. Dave Randolph|
|1971||The Hunting Party||Brandt Ruger|
|1971||The French Connection||NYPD Det. Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle|| Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Drama
|1972||Prime Cut||Mary Ann|
|1972||The Poseidon Adventure||Reverend Frank Scott|
|1972||Cisco Pike||Sergeant Leo Holland|
|1974||The Conversation||Harry Caul|| NominatedBAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
NominatedGolden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Drama
|1974||Young Frankenstein||The Blindman (Harold)|
|1974||Zandy's Bride||Zandy Allan|
|1975||French Connection II||NYPD Det. Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle|| NominatedBAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
NominatedGolden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Drama
|1975||Lucky Lady||Kibby Womack|
|1975||Night Moves||Harry Moseby|
|1975||Bite the Bullet||Sam Clayton|
|1977||The Domino Principle||Roy Tucker|
|1977||A Bridge Too Far||Maj Gen. Stanisaw Sosabowski|
|1977||March or Die||Maj. William Sherman Foster|
|1978||Superman||Lex Luthor||NominatedBAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role|
|1980||Superman II||Lex Luthor|
|1981||All Night Long||George Dupler|
|1981||Reds||Pete Van Wherry|
|1983||Under Fire||Alex Grazier||NominatedGolden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor Motion Picture|
|1983||Two of a Kind||God||uncredited voice role|
|1983||Uncommon Valor||Col. Jason Rhodes, USMC (ret)|
|1985||Twice in a Lifetime||Harry MacKenzie||NominatedGolden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Drama|
|1985||Target||Walter Lloyd/Duncan (Duke) Potter|
|1986||Hoosiers||Coach Norman Dale|
|1987||No Way Out||Defense Secretary David Brice|
|1987||Superman IV: The Quest for Peace||Lex Luthor / voice of Nuclear Man|
|1988||Bat*21||Lt. Col. Iceal Hambleton, USAF|
|1988||Mississippi Burning||FBI Special Agent Rupert Anderson|| NominatedAcademy Award for Best Actor
NominatedGolden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Drama
|1988||Another Woman||Larry Lewis|
|1988||Full Moon in Blue Water||Floyd|
|1988||Split Decisions||Dan McGuinn|
|1989||The Package||Sgt. Johnny Gallagher|
|1990||Loose Cannons||MacArthur Stern|
|1990||Postcards from the Edge||Lowell Kolchek|
|1990||Narrow Margin||Robert Caulfield|
|1991||Class Action||Jedediah Tucker Ward|
|1991||Company Business||Sam Boyd|
|1992||Unforgiven||Little Bill Daggett|| Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor Motion Picture
|1993||The Firm||Avery Tolar|
|1993||Geronimo: An American Legend||Brig. Gen. George Crook|
|1994||Wyatt Earp||Nicholas Earp|
|1995||The Quick and the Dead||John Herod|
|1995||Crimson Tide||Capt. Frank Ramsey|
|1995||Get Shorty||Harry Zimm|
|1996||The Birdcage||Senator Kevin Keeley|
|1996||Extreme Measures||Dr. Lawrence Myrick|
|1996||The Chamber||Sam Cayhall|
|1997||Absolute Power||President Allen Richmond|
|1998||Enemy of the State||Edward 'Brill' Lyle|
|1998||Antz||General Mandible||Voice only|
|1999||The Black and the White||Grant Ritchie|
|2000||Under Suspicion||Henry Hearst||Executive Producer|
|2000||The Replacements||Jimmy McGinty|
|2001||Heartbreakers||William B. Tensy|
|2001||The Mexican||Arnold Margolese (uncredited)|
|2001||The Royal Tenenbaums||Royal Tenenbaum||Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Musical or Comedy|
|2001||Behind Enemy Lines||Admiral Leslie McMahon Reigart|
|2003||Runaway Jury||Rankin Fitch|
|2004||Welcome to Mooseport||Monroe Cole|
|2006||Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut||Lex Luthor|
- His middle name is "Allen," according to the State of California. California Birth Index, 1905-1995. Center for Health Statistics, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, California. At Ancestry.com
- Gene Hackman Biography (1930). Filmreference.com. Retrieved on 2010-06-17.
- 3.0 3.1 Norman, Michael, HOLLYWOOD'S UNCOMMON EVERYMAN, New York Times, 1989-03-19. URL accessed on 2010-07-19.
- 4.0 4.1 Leman, Kevin (2007). What Your Childhood Memories Say about You: And What You Can Do about It, Tyndale House Publishers, Inc..
- Gene Hackman profile. Eonline.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-11.
- Business Wire, November 14, 2002. Hollywood. 'Gene Hackman to Receive HFPA'S Cecil B. DeMille Award At 60th Annual Golden Globe Awards to be Telecast Live on NBC on Sunday, January 19, 2003'. Findarticles.com. Retrieved on 2010-06-17.
- Blair, Iain (2008-06-05). Just a Minute With: Gene Hackman on his retirement. Reuters. Retrieved on 2008-07-19.
- Gene Hackman at the Internet Movie Database
- Gene Hackman at All Movie Guide
- Gene Hackman at the TCM Movie Database
- Gene Hackman at the Internet Broadway Database
- Gene Hackman at the Internet off-Broadway Database
- Gene Hackman at TV.com
|Awards for Gene Hackman|