John Knowles Paine

John Knowles Paine

born on 9/1/1839 in Portland, ME, United States

died on 25/4/1906 in Cambridge, MA, United States

John Knowles Paine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

John Knowles Paine (January 9, 1839 – April 25, 1906), was the first American-born composer to achieve fame for large-scale orchestral music.


He studied organ, orchestration, and composition in Germany and toured in Europe for three years. After returning to the US and settling in Boston in 1861, he became a member of the faculty of Harvard, a post that he retained for many years. He was one of the dominant musical figures on the musical scene in Boston and together with a group of other composers collectively known as the Boston Six, Paine was one of those responsible for the first significant body of concert music by composers from the United States. The other five were George Chadwick, Horatio Parker, Arthur Foote, Edward MacDowell, and Amy Beach.

In 1889, he made one of the first musical recordings on wax cylinder with Theo Wangemann, who was experimenting with sound recording on the newly invented phonograph.[1]

The Grove Music Encyclopedia says of him:

Paine served the Harvard community for 43 years. By his presence and by his serious concern with music in a liberal arts college he awakened a regard for music among many generations of Harvard men. His writings testify to his insistence upon the place of music within the liberal arts [2]

Principal Works


  • Azara


  • Symphony No. 1, op. 23
  • As You Like It, Overture, op. 28
  • The Tempest, Symphonic Poem op. 31
  • Symphony No. 2 in A Major "In Spring" op. 34
  • Prelude from Oedipus Tyrannus op. 35

Chorus and Orchestra

  • Domine salvum fac Praesidem nostrum op.8
  • Mass in D minor, op. 10
  • St. Peter: An Oratorio op. 20
  • Centennial Hymn op. 27
  • Oedipus Tyrannus op. 35
  • The Realm of Fancy, op. 36
  • Phoebus, Arise! op. 37


  • Concert Variations on the "Star Spangled Banner", [Opus 1] - 1861
  • Concert Variations on the Austrian Hymn op. 3 #1
  • Fantasy on Ein feste Burg op. 13
  • Prelude in B minor op. 19 #2
  • Fugue in C minor (from Four Pieces)

Notes and references

  1. Patrick Feaster, "Theo Wangemann biography" Thomas Edison National Historical Park. Retrieved February 3, 2012
  2. "John Knowles Paine". Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. ISSN 00318299.

See also

  • Il Pesceballo

External links

This page was last modified 20.06.2012 18:19:15

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