born on 13/3/1960 in Chinnor, England, United Kingdom
Adam Charles Clayton (born 13 March 1960) is a British-Irish musician, best known as the bass guitarist of the rock band U2. He has resided in County Dublin since the time his family moved to Malahide when he was five years old in 1965. Clayton attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School, where he met schoolmates with whom he co-founded U2 in 1976. A member of the band since its inception, he has recorded 14 studio albums with U2.
Clayton is well known for his bass playing on songs such as "Gloria", "New Year's Day", "Bullet the Blue Sky", "With or Without You", "Mysterious Ways", "Vertigo", "Get on Your Boots", and "Magnificent". He has worked on several solo projects throughout his career, such as his work with fellow band member Larry Mullen Jr. on the 1996 version of the "Theme from Mission: Impossible". As a member of U2, Clayton has received 22 Grammy Awards and has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Adam Charles Clayton, the oldest child of Brian and Jo Clayton, was born on 13 March 1960 in Chinnor, Oxfordshire, England. His father was a pilot with the Royal Air Force, who moved into civil aviation, and his mother was a former airline stewardess. When he was 4 years old, Clayton's father worked in Kenya as a pilot with East African Airways, the family being resident in Nairobi (Clayton regards this as the happiest period of his childhood). In 1965, the family moved to Malahide, County Dublin in the Republic of Ireland, where Clayton's brother Sebastian was born. The Clayton family became friends with the Evans family (including their son David Evans ("The Edge"), who would later co-found the band U2 with Clayton).
When he was eight years old, Clayton was sent to the private junior boarding Castle Park School in Dalkey, County Dublin. Not being sports-oriented, Adam did not enjoy the school or respond well to its ethos; he found it difficult to settle socially there. He was interested in pop music, which students were not allowed to listen to. He joined the School's "Gramphone Society", which met to listen to classical music. He also took piano lessons for a short time. His introduction to the world of popular music was around the age of 10, listening to rock operas such as Jesus Christ Superstar and Hair, and other material that was midway between classical and popular music.
At age 13, Clayton entered the private St Columba's College secondary school in Rathfarnham, Dublin. Here he made friends with other pupils who were enthusiastic about the pop/rock music acts of the period, including The Who, The Beatles, The Grateful Dead, and Carole King. In response he bought a £5 acoustic guitar from a junk-shop near the Dublin quays, and began learning elementary chords and songs. John Leslie, who shared a bunk bed with Clayton at St. Columba's, persuaded him to join in with a school band where Clayton would play the bass guitar for the first time. His mother purchased a bass for him when he was 14 years old on the basis of a given promise that he would commit himself to learn to play the instrument.
Clayton later changed school to Mount Temple Comprehensive School in Dublin, where he met future U2 bandmates Paul Hewson ("Bono") and Larry Mullen Jr., who were also pupils there, and was reunited with his childhood friend the Edge.
In September 1976, Mullen put an advert onto the school's bulletin board seeking other musicians to form a band; Clayton showed up for the first meeting and practice, so did the Edge with his older brother Richard Evans ("Dik"), Bono, and Ivan McCormick and Peter Martin who were two of Mullen's friends. McCormick and Martin left the band soon after its inception.
While the band was a five-piece (consisting of Bono, the Edge, Mullen, Dik Evans, and Clayton) it was known as "Feedback". The name was subsequently changed to "The Hype", but changed to "U2" soon after Dik Evans left. Clayton stood in as the nearest thing that the band had to a manager in its early life, handing over the duties to Paul McGuinness in May 1978. In 1981, around the time of U2's second, spiritually charged album, October, a rift was created in the band between Clayton and McGuinness, and the three other band members. Bono, The Edge, and Mullen had joined a Christian group, and were questioning the compatibility of rock music with their spirituality. However, Clayton, with his more ambiguous religious views, was less concerned, and so was more of an outsider.
In 1995, after the Zoo TV Tour and Zooropa album, Clayton headed to New York with bandmate Mullen to receive formal training in the bass; until then Clayton had been entirely self-taught. During that period, he worked on U2's experimental album, released under the pseudonym "Passengers", entitled Original Soundtracks 1. That album features one of the few instances where Clayton has appeared as a vocalist; he spoke the last verse of "Your Blue Room", the album's second single. Prior to this Clayton had only provided live backing vocals to tracks such as "Out of Control", "I Will Follow", "Twilight" and "Bullet the Blue Sky". Since 1997's Popmart tour Clayton has not sung live in any capacity for the band. In 1996, while still in New York, Clayton collaborated with Mullen to re-record the Mission: Impossible theme.
As a bass player, Clayton's most recognizable basslines include "New Year's Day", which evolved out of an attempt to play Visage's song "Fade to Grey", and "With or Without You". His style includes Motown and reggae influences, and cites artists such as Paul Simonon of The Clash as influences on his musical style.
When Clayton first joined the fledgling U2, he did not have formal training in the bass. In the band's early years, he generally played simple parts in 4/4 time, usually strings of steady 8th notes. Bono said of Clayton's early bass playing, "Adam used to pretend he could play bass. He came round and started using words like 'action' and 'fret' and he had us baffled. He had the only amplifier, so we never argued with him. We thought this guy must be a musician; he knows what he's talking about. And then one day, we discovered he wasn't playing the right notes. That's what's wrong, y'know?" His style has remained subtle and primarily supportive, but gradually become more sophisticated by integrating elements of Motown R&B and reggae and by offering more variety in his basslines.
Clayton has sung on some occasions, including on the song "Endless Deep", the B-side to the single "Two Hearts Beat As One" from 1983. Clayton also sang backup vocals on "I Will Follow" during live performances in 1983 and 1984. He also spoke the last verse of "Your Blue Room". Clayton can be heard speaking on "Tomorrow ('96 Version)" (a rerecording of "Tomorrow" that he arranged) a song from U2's 1981 album October. He plays the guitar on a few occasions, most notably the song "40", where he and guitarist The Edge switch instruments. He also plays the keyboards on "City of Blinding Lights" and "Iris (Hold Me Close)".
Throughout his career, Clayton has used both Fender Precision and Jazz basses. His first bass, however, was a walnut brown Ibanez Musician, which he played heavily from the recording of Boy and well though the War era. Two years later, at the age of 16, Clayton got his first Precision, as he felt he needed a better guitar to master the instrument, and asked his father to purchase a second-hand Precision for him when Brian Clayton travelled to New York. He previously used Ashdown amplifiers before switching to Aguilar Amplifiers. Clayton's Precision basses are modified with a Fender Jazz neck; in an interview with Bass Player magazine, he said that he prefers the Jazz bass neck because it is more "lady-like" and is a better fit in his left hand. In 2011 the Fender Custom Shop produced a limited-edition signature Precision Bass built to his own specifications in a limited run of 60 pieces, featuring an alder body and a gold sparkle finish.
Clayton's basses include:
- Fender Precision Bass
- Fender Jazz Bass
- Ibanez Musician Bass
- Warwick Adam Clayton Reverso Signature Bass
- Warwick Streamer Bass
- Warwick Star Bass II
- Gibson Thunderbird Bass
- Gibson Les Paul Triumph Bass
- Gibson Les Paul 70's Recording Bass, unknown model
- Gibson Les Paul Signature Bass
- Lakland Joe Osborn Signature Bass
- Lakland Darryl Jones Signature Bass (with Chi-Sonic pick-ups)
- Auerswald Custom Bass
- Epiphone Rivoli bass (seen in the "Get On Your Boots" music video)
- Rickenbacker 4001 Bass - used in the early days of U2 circa 1978/79
- Status John Entwistle Buzzard Bass
- Gibson RD Bass
- Aguilar DB 751 bass amp
- Aguilar DB 410 & 115 cabs
Clayton has worked on several side projects throughout his career. He played (along with the other members of U2) on Robbie Robertson's self-titled album from 1987, and has also performed with Maria McKee. Clayton played on the song "The Marguerita Suite" on Sharon Shannon's self-titled debut album which was released in October 1991. He joined U2 producer Daniel Lanois and bandmate Larry Mullen Jr. on Lanois's 1989 album Acadie, playing the bass on the songs "Still Water" and "Jolie Louise". In 1994, Clayton played bass along with bandmate Larry Mullen Jr. on Nanci Griffith's album Flyer, playing on the songs "These Days in an Open Book", "Don't Forget About Me", "On Grafton Street" and "This Heart". Clayton and Mullen also re-recorded the "Theme from Mission: Impossible" for the Mission: Impossible soundtrack. The song became a top-ten hit in the U.S., reaching No. 7 on the Billboard Hot 100. They recorded the soundtrack while both Mullen and Clayton were in New York City for musical training. The "Theme from Mission: Impossible" was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance in 1997. Clayton was also featured on Steven Van Zandt's 1999 album Born Again Savage.
Clayton made the news in August 1989 when he was arrested in Dublin for carrying a small amount of marijuana. However, he avoided conviction by making a large donation to charity, and later commented "it was my own fault. And I'm sure I was out of my head – emotionally apart from anything else. But it is serious because it is illegal." Clayton has also had alcohol problems, which came to a head during the Zoo TV Tour. On 26 November 1993 he was so hung over that he was unable to play that night's show in Sydney, the dress rehearsal for their Zoo TV concert film. Bass duties had to be fulfilled by Clayton's technician Stuart Morgan. After that incident, he gave up alcohol. On 26 June 2017, Clayton received the Stevie Ray Vaughan Award at the MusiCares 13th annual MAP Fund Benefit Concert in recognition of his commitment to helping others with addiction recovery.
Clayton remained a bachelor for several decades until his marriage in 2013. During the early 1990s, he dated British supermodel Naomi Campbell. He also had a long-standing relationship with Suzanne "Susie" Smith, a former assistant to Paul McGuinness; they were engaged in 2006, but the pair broke up in February 2007. In 2010 he fathered a son with his then French partner, in 2013 he confirmed that he was no longer in that relationship. On 4 September 2013, Clayton married former human rights lawyer Mariana Teixeira de Carvalho in a ceremony in Dublin. Originally from Brazil, his wife now works as a director at a leading contemporary art gallery, Michael Werner in London and New York.
In 2009, the High Court ordered the assets of Carol Hawkins, Clayton's former housekeeper and personal assistant, be frozen after it was reported that she misappropriated funds of €1.8 million. At the subsequent trial that figure was stated to be €2.8 million. Hawkins denied the charges but in 2012 was convicted by a jury of 181 counts of theft and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment.
On 25 July 2017 Clayton and his wife announced the arrival of their daughter, Alba. They declined to say where and when she was born.
In 2011, Clayton became an ambassador for the Dublin-based St. Patrick's Hospital's Mental Health Service "Walk in My Shoes" facility.
Clayton and U2 have won numerous awards in their career, including 22 Grammy awards, including those for Best Rock Duo or Group seven times, Album of the Year twice, Record of the Year twice, Song of the Year twice, and Best Rock Album twice.
- List of bass guitarists
- Timeline of U2
- U2 discography
- Taylor, Philip. "Adam Clayton biography". Archived from the original on 15 September 2007. Retrieved 6 September 2007.
- "U2: Biography". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Past Winners: U2". Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- U2 (2006). McCormick, Neil, ed. U2 by U2. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-719668-7.
- McCormick, Neil; Adam Clayton; Bono; The Edge; Larry Mullen Jr. (2005). U2 by U2. New York: HarperEntertainment. ISBN 0-06-077675-7.
- Chatterton, Mark (2001). U2: The Complete Encyclopedia. London: Firefly Publishing. p. 29. ISBN 0-946719-41-1.
- In the name of the son and the father
- McCormick (2006), pp. 40–46
- McGee, Matt. "U2 Biography from @U2". Archived from the original on 17 September 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
- Flanagan, Bill (1996). U2 : at the End of the World. New York: Delta. ISBN 0-385-31157-5.
- Isola, Gregory (11 November 2000). "Reluctant Rock Star: How U2's Adam Clayton Learned to Play – and Conquer the World Onstage". Bass Player. Archived from the original on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Bass Soup. "Adam Clayton's Bass Sound and Technique". Archived from the original on 18 February 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- "Kings of the Celtic Fringe". NME. 14 February 1981. Archived from the original on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2007.
- U2 Online. "Adam Clayton Biography". Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- "Warwick Announces Adam Clayton Reverso Signature Bass". Premier Guitar. 12 January 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Adam Clayton Signature Bass". Warwick. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Warwick Custom Shop Basses: Streamer CV for Adam Clayton". Warwick. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Adam Clayton Custom Shop Star Bass". U2: Stage And Studio. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- theband.hiof.no. "Robbie Robertson:Robbie Robertson". theband.hiof.no. Archived from the original on 5 September 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- u2boy.n. "U2 Biography: Adam Clayton". u2boy.n. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- McGee, Matt (2008). U2:A Diary. Omnibus Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-84772-108-2.
- U2wanderer.com. "Acadie Album (Daniel Lanois)". U2wanderer.com. Archived from the original on 4 August 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Galvin, Peter. "Flyer review from Rolling Stone". Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Karger, Dave (7 June 1996). "They Shot, He Scored". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
- Amazon.com. "Amazon product overview and reviews of "Theme from Mission: Impossible"". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on 25 August 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- U2wanderer.com. "Adam Clayton solo discography". U2wanderer.com. Archived from the original on 4 October 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- Henke, James (June 9, 1983). "Blessed Are the Peacemakers". Rolling Stone (397): 11–14.
- Lineage, David. "Adam Clayton Biography from @U2". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
- McCormick (2006), pp. 255–256
- Gensler, Andy (14 March 2017). "U2's Adam Clayton To Receive MusiCares Addiction Recovery Award". Billboard. Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
- Egan, Barry. "U2's Adam splits up with fiancee Susie (U2France)". Archived from the original on 19 May 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
- "Achtung baby, Adam is the proud father of a little boy". Independent.ie. 16 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
- "Hot Press meets U2's Adam Clayton | Music | Interview | Hot Press". Hot Press - Music News, Reviews, Interviews plus Pop Culture and Politics. Retrieved 2017-09-16.
- "U2's Adam Clayton ties the knot with Brazilian girlfriend - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk". belfasttelegraph.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Adam is the new George with his Mariana - Independent.ie". independent.ie. 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "U2's Clayton secures order against former PA". RTE.ie. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- . Irish Times. Friday, 22 June 2012. Retrieved on that date.
- "Adam Clayton's former PA Carol Hawkins sentenced to seven years for stealing almost €3m". RTÉ News, Ireland. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Adam Clayton announces birth of first child with wife Mariana - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
- "Ambassadors for Walk In My Shoes - Mental Health Awareness Charity". Walk in My Shoes. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-15.