Val Kilmer

born on 31/12/1959 in Los Angeles, CA, United States

Links www.valekilmer.com (English)

Val Kilmer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Val Kilmer

Kilmer at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival
Born Val Edward Kilmer
December 31 1959
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Education Juilliard School (1981)
Occupation Actor
Years active 1981Present
Spouse(s) Joanne Whalley (1988-1996)

Val Edward Kilmer[1] (born December 31, 1959) is an American actor. Originally a stage actor, Kilmer is best known for his roles as Jim Morrison in Oliver Stone's The Doors, Doc Holliday in Tombstone and Bruce Wayne/Batman in Joel Schumacher's Batman Forever. He became popular in the mid-1980s after a string of appearances in comedy films, starting with Top Secret! (1984), then the cult classic Real Genius (1985), as well as the blockbuster action films Top Gun and Willow.

Early life and education

Kilmer was born in Los Angeles, California,[2][3] the son of Gladys (née Ekstadt) and Eugene Kilmer, an aerospace equipment distributor and real estate developer.[3][4] He grew up in the San Fernando Valley with his two siblings, older brother Mark and younger brother Wesley (who died at 15 due to an epileptic seizure in a swimming pool). His parents divorced when he was nine years old. His father passed away while Val was filming Tombstone.[5] Kilmer's grandfather was a gold miner in New Mexico, near the border with Arizona;[6] the poet Joyce Kilmer is a distant cousin of Kilmer's.[7] His mother was of Swedish descent, and his father's ancestry reportedly included German, Irish, and Cherokee Native American.[8][9][10] Kilmer attended Berkeley Hall School, a Christian Science school in Los Angeles, until 9th grade.[11] He then attended Chatsworth High Schoolwhere his classmates included Kevin Spacey and Mare Winninghamas well as the Hollywood Professional School.[3] At the age of 17, he became the youngest person at the time to be accepted into the Juilliard School's Drama Division, where he was a member of Group 10 (1977-1981).[12]

On May 5, 2012, Kilmer was awarded an honorary doctorate of Fine Arts from William Woods University.[13]

Career

1980s

In 1981, while at Juilliard, Kilmer co-authored and starred in the play How It All Began,[14] which was performed at the Public Theatre at the New York Shakespeare Festival. Kilmer turned down a role in Francis Ford Coppola's 1983 film, The Outsiders, as he had prior theatre commitments.[15] In 1983 he appeared Off Broadway in "The Slab Boys" with Kevin Bacon and Sean Penn. That same year, his first off-stage acting role (excluding television commercials) came in the form of a television short titled One Too Many, which was an educational drama on drinking and driving;[16] it also starred a young Michelle Pfeiffer. Also in 1983, Kilmer self-published a collection of his own poetry entitled "My Edens After Burns", that included poems inspired by his time with Pfeiffer. The book of poems is difficult to obtain, expensive and even second hand copies fetch $300 and up.[17][18][19] His big break came when he received top billing in the comedy spoof of spy movies Top Secret!, where he played an American rock and roll star. Kilmer sang all the songs in the film and released an album under the film character's name, "Nick Rivers".[20] While garnering more substantial roles and prestige, he also gained a reputation as a ladies man, dating numerous women, some many years older, including Cher and Ellen Barkin.[19]

During a brief hiatus, he backpacked throughout Europe before going on to play the lead character in the 1985 comedy Real Genius. He turned down roles in Dune and Blue Velvet[21] before being cast as naval aviator "Iceman" in the action film Top Gun alongside Tom Cruise. Top Gun grossed a total of $344,700,000 worldwide and made Kilmer a major star.[22] Following roles in the television films The Murders in the Rue Morgue and The Man Who Broke 1,000 Chains, Kilmer played Madmartigan in the fantasy Willow; he met his future wife, co-star Joanne Whalley, on the film's set. Kilmer starred in the Colorado Shakespeare Festival production of Hamlet in 1988. In 1989, Kilmer played the lead in both Kill Me Again, again opposite Whalley, and in TNT's Billy the Kid.

1990s

After several delays, director Oliver Stone finally started production on the film The Doors, based on the band of the same name. Kilmer spoke with Oliver Stone early on, concerned about what he might want to do with the story because Kilmer didnt believe in or want to promote substance abuse. Kilmer saw Morrison as having picked the wrong heroes, who had different issues, that were not part of the creativity or inspiration. Kilmer saw Morrison's story as one that could be told "a thousand different ways" and didnt want to tell it by playing the role in the style of drugs, which Oliver Stone agreed with.[23] Kilmer memorized the lyrics to all of lead singer Jim Morrison's songs prior to his audition, and sent a video of himself performing some Doors songs to director Stone. Stone was not impressed with the tape, but Paul Rothchild (the original producer of The Doors) said "I was shaken by it" and suggested they record Kilmer in the studio. After Kilmer was cast as Morrison, he prepared for the role by attending Doors tribute concerts and reading Morrison's poetry.[24] He spent close to a year before production dressing in Morrison-like clothes, and spent time at Morrison's old hangouts along the Sunset Strip. His portrayal of Morrison was praised and members of The Doors noted that Kilmer did such a convincing job that they had trouble distinguishing his voice from Morrison's. Paul Rothchild played Val's version of 'The End' for Robby Krieger, and he told him "I'm really glad they got 'The End'. We never got a recording of that live with Jim and now we've got it." However, Doors keyboardist, Ray Manzarek, was less than enthusiastic with how Morrison was portrayed by director Oliver Stone's interpretation.[25] In the early 1990s, Kilmer starred in the mystery thriller Thunderheart, action comedy The Real McCoy and again teamed with Top Gun director Tony Scott to play Elvis in True Romance, which was written by Quentin Tarantino.

In 1993, Kilmer played Doc Holliday in the western Tombstone alongside Kurt Russell, in what is credited as one of Kilmer's finest performances. Val plays on the piano in Tombstone, Chopins Nocturne in E minor, op.72 No1: Andante. Although he doesnt play the piano, he practiced that one piece for months for the movie. 1995 saw Kilmer star in Wings of Courage, a 3D IMAX film, and that same year, he starred opposite Al Pacino and Robert De Niro in Heat, which is now considered one of the best crime/drama films of the 1990s.[26] In 1996, he appeared in a largely unknown film, Dead Girl, and starred alongside Marlon Brando in the poorly received[27] The Island of Dr Moreau. That year, Kilmer starred alongside Michael Douglas in the thriller The Ghost and the Darkness. The next year he played Simon Templar in the popular action film, The Saint. Kilmer looked forward to the title role as a change toward a more fun, less serious action thriller, while enjoying the master of disguise chameleon characters like a mad artist, a nerdy British scientist, a cleaner, and a Russian mob boss. Kilmer also wrote the poetry in the film.[28] He received a salary of $6 million for the movie.[29] The Saint was a financial success, grossing $169.4 million worldwide and has acquired a cult following, including many fans of the original book and TV series.[30][31] In 1998, he lent his voice to the animated film The Prince of Egypt as Moses, before starring in the independent film Joe the King (1999) and playing a blind man in the drama/romance At First Sight, which he described as of then, the hardest role he had ever had.[32]

Batman

In December 1993, Batman Forever director Joel Schumacher had seen Tombstone and was most impressed with Kilmer's performance as Doc Holliday. Schumacher felt him to be perfect for the role of the Caped Crusader, though at the time, the role was still Michael Keaton's.[33]

In July 1994, Michael Keaton decided not to return for a third Batman film after 1992's Batman Returns,[34] due to "creative differences."[33] William Baldwin (who previously worked with Schumacher on Flatliners) was reported to be a top contender, though just days after Keaton dropped out, Kilmer was cast.[34] Kilmer took the role without even knowing who the new director was and without reading the script.[33]

Released in June 1995, Batman Forever was a success at the box office,[35] despite receiving mixed reviews from critics.[36] There was debate about the performance of Val Kilmer; some critics charged that Kilmer, while physically fit to play Batman, more so than his predecessor Michael Keaton had been, gave a wooden performance as Bruce Wayne. Other critics though, such as Roger Ebert, had kind words for Kilmer. Batman creator Bob Kane said in a Cinescape interview that of all the actors to have played Batman up to that point, he felt Kilmer had given the best interpretation. Film critic Leonard Maltin (who heavily criticized the dark tone contained in Batman Returns) complimented Kilmer's portrayal when he reviewed the film for his expanding collection of film reviews, as well as being very favorable of the film as a whole. Defenders of Batman Forever praised the film for portraying Batman as a more heroic, less ruthless, and more human character than in the Tim Burton films. The film also brought the film interpretation of Bruce Wayne more into line with his comic book counterpart, showing him as a seasoned celebrity of the media and a very public figure rather than the neurotic recluse of the previous films.

In February 1996, Kilmer decided not to return for another Batman feature film, feeling that Batman was being marginalized in favor of the villains.[29] George Clooney replaced Kilmer as Batman in 1997's Batman & Robin. Kilmer also decided he wanted to do The Saint, which seemed "very different, fun" to be a thief who was pleased [from] "entertaining himself with the characters he would create".

2000s

Kilmer's first role in 2000 was in the big budget Warner Bros. box office disaster[37] Red Planet. That same year, he had a supporting role in the film Pollock and hosted Saturday Night Live for the first time. In 2002, he starred in the thriller The Salton Sea, which was generally well-reviewed,[38] but received only a limited release.[39] The same year, he teamed with his True Romance co-star, Christian Slater, and the two starred in the low budget film, Hard Cash, also known as Run for the Money.

In 2003, Kilmer starred alongside Kate Bosworth in the drama/thriller Wonderland, as well as appearing in The Missing, where he again worked with Willow director Ron Howard. The next year, he starred in Spartan, where he played a United States government secret agent who is assigned the task of rescuing the kidnapped daughter of the President. He received Delta Force-like training in preparation for the role.[40] Subsequently, he had a role in the drama, Stateside, and starred (again with Slater) in the thriller Mindhunters, which was filmed in 2003 but not released until 2005. Kilmer next appeared in the big budget Oliver Stone production, Alexander, which received poor reviews.[41] Also in 2004, Kilmer returned to the theatre to play Moses in a Los Angeles musical production of The Ten Commandments: The Musical, produced by BCBG founder Max Azria.[42] The production played at the Kodak Theater in Hollywood and also featured Adam Lambert. Kilmer had previously played Moses in the animated film The Prince of Egypt. Finally in 2004, Kilmer appeared in an episode of Entourage, where he played a Sherpa whose primary source of income was the growing, harvesting and distributing high-quality marijuana, all under a guise of metaphysical insights.

Kilmer was in negotiations with Richard Dutcher (a leading director of Mormon-related films) to play the lead role in a film entitled Prophet: The Story of Joseph Smith, although the project never materialized.[43] Kilmer performed in The Postman Always Rings Twice on the London stage from June to September 2005.[44] In 2005, he co-starred with Robert Downey, Jr. in the action-comedy film Kiss Kiss Bang Bang. His performance was praised and the film was well reviewed,[45] but the film received only a limited release.[46] It later won the award as "Overlooked Film of the Year" from the Phoenix Film Critics Society.

In 2006, he reunited with director Tony Scott a third time for a supporting role opposite Denzel Washington in the box-office hit Déjà Vu. The song "Val Kilmer" was named after him on Bowling for Soup's 2006 album The Great Burrito Extortion Case,. The song was later used for one of the Ford commercials on season 10 of American Idol in 2011.

In 2007, he guest-starred in hit TV series Numb3rs episode "Trust Metric" as torture expert Mason Lancer. That same year, he released a CD, proceeds of which went to his charity interests.

In 2008, Kilmer starred alongside Stephen Dorff in the Sony and Stage 6 film Felon. The film was given only a limited theatrical release in New York and Los Angeles in 2008, but it developed into a success secondary to positive word of mouth.

Kilmer was the voice of the car KITT for the 2008 Knight Rider TV pilot film and the following television series. He replaced Will Arnett, who had to step down from the role due to contractual conflict with General Motors. In keeping with tradition established by the original Knight Rider series and original KITT actor William Daniels, Kilmer was uncredited for the role on-screen.

He next starred alongside Nicolas Cage in the Werner Herzog film The Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans, and alongside Curtis "50 Cent" Jackson in Streets of Blood. Both were released in 2009. He appeared as the main antagonist "Mongoose" in a live TV series adaptation of the comic/video game of XIII on NBC in 2009.

2010s

In 2010, Kilmer starred in the horror film from Michael Oblowitz, The Traveler, where he played the vengeful spirit of a man who had been tortured and murdered while in police custody.

In November 2010, Kilmer was filming in Kelseyville, California. He was finally able to work with his lifelong friend Francis Ford Coppola and star in the film Twixt. The film was filmed mostly on Coppola's estate in Napa County. The filming was expected to take five weeks and was being independently funded by Coppola.

In 2010, Val Kilmer appeared as the villain Dieter Von Cunth in MacGruber.

In 2012, Val Kilmer appeared in Tenacious D's music video "To Be The Best" as a small cameo role.

In 2012, Val Kilmer spoke at the May 5 commencement ceremonies of William Woods University in Fulton, MO where he also received an honorary doctorate.

In 2012, Val Kilmer received a Grammy nomination for Best Spoken Word.

In 2012, Val Kilmer starred in Harmony Korine's short "The Lotus Community Workshop" which is part of a collaborative film The Fourth Dimension. He plays a version of himself from an alternate reality, that is a former actor, turned self-help guru. The Fourth Dimension is a collection of three standalone short films about parallel universes produced by Vice Films in collaboration with Grolsch Film Works, a new division of the namesake beer company. Kilmer notes that his addition to the list of actors, including John Malkovich (Being John Malkovich) and Al Pacino (Jack and Jill), that mock their real-life persona in fictional movies, was an accident and says, I still love saying the premise because it makes me laugh every time."[47]

Since 2002, Kilmer has been working on a film about the life of Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the Christian Science church,[48] and Mark Twain, one of her most famous critics. Kilmer is still working on the film, which is about the lives and relationship of Mary Baker Eddy and Mark Twain as "a quirky, tender, tragicomic portrait of two contrasting lives, set against the backdrop of Gilded Age America."[49] Initially performed as a one man show Hollywood workshop in April 2012, it is now the basis of Kilmer's film project, which will be his directorial debut.[47]

Influence and public image

Kevin Spacey told James Lipton on Inside the Actors Studio, that one of the turning points of his life was at a high school drama festival when he saw Kilmer and Mare Winningham in The Prime of Miss Jean Brody and when the drama teacher Robert Correlli invited him to transfer to Chatsworth High School, he accepted. In the same interview with James Lipton, Spacey also said he went to Julliard because Kilmer did, who was the youngest person, to that day, ever admitted to Julliard. During Kilmer's subsequent "Inside the Actors Studio" interview, he said "Robert Correlli, who was our teacher had a knack for producing and directing. And it was either Beverly Hills High, because of their very talented pool of students or Chatsworth High that would win all these festivals."[23]

Politics and charity work

Kilmer made several trips to New Orleans to help in the 2005 Hurricane Katrina disaster relief.[50]

Kilmer is an ardent supporter of Native American affairs and an advocate of environmental protection.[51]

He briefly flirted with running for Governor of New Mexico in 2010, but in the end declined to run.[52]

Personal life

Kilmer was married to actress Joanne Whalley from March 1988 to February 1996. The two met while working together on the film Willow. The couple had two children: a daughter, Mercedes (b. October 29, 1991), and a son, Jack (b. June 6, 1995).

Even though he has had a reputation of being difficult, Warwick Davis, Kilmer's co-star from the 1988 fantasy Willow, in his audio commentary for the film said that the question he's most asked is what it was like working with Kilmer, Davis describes him as a very funny man and a hard working, dedicated actor.

Other actors have noted that he prepares for his roles extensively and meticulously. Irwin Winkler (director of At First Sight) talked about his decision to hire Kilmer. "I'd heard the stories, so I checked him out. I called Bob De Niro and Michael Mann, who'd worked with him on Heat, and they both gave him raves... I had a wonderful experience in spite of all the naysayers." Jeffrey Katzenberg (producer of Prince of Egypt) talks about the actor. "Val was one of the first people cast in The Prince of Egypt. He was there every step of the way; patient, understanding, and phenomenally generous with his time."

Following their appearance together in Top Gun, Kilmer and co-star Tom Cruise reportedly had taken their onscreen conflict offscreen. Reports classified the two as holding a vitriolic hatred of one another.[53] Kilmer even refused to participate in a charity beach volleyball game with Cruise on the grounds that he was "dangerous", although Kilmer is rumored to have knocked Cruise out in a fistfight during the filming of Top Gun.[53]

Kilmer sold his 6,000 acre ranch in New Mexico in 2011, where he would track, hike, fish, and raise bison.[48]

Kilmer is also an avid musician, and released a CD in the fall of 2007, proceeds of which went to his charity interests.

Filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1977 The Deep Bit Part Film Debut
The Spy Who Loved Me Bit Part
1979 Apocalypse Now Bit Part
1981 Body Heat William
1984 Top Secret! Nick Rivers
1985 Real Genius Chris Knight
1986 Top Gun Lt. Tom "Iceman" Kazanski
The Murders in the Rue Morgue Phillipe Huron Television film
1987 The Man Who Broke 1,000 Chains Robert Eliot Burns/Eliot Roberts Television film
CableACE Award for Best Actor in a Movie or Miniseries
1988 Willow Madmartigan
1989 Billy the Kid William Bonney
Kill Me Again Jack Andrews
1991 The Doors Jim Morrison Nominated  MTV Movie Award for Best Performance - Male
1992 Thunderheart Ray Levoi
1993 The Real McCoy J.T. Barker
Tombstone Doc Holliday Based on a true story
Nominated  MTV Movie Award for Most Desirable Male
Nominated  MTV Movie Award for Best Performance - Male
True Romance Elvis Presley
1995 Batman Forever Bruce Wayne/Batman Nominated  MTV Movie Award for Most Desirable Male
Heat Chris Shiherlis Nominated  Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
Wings of Courage Jean Mermoz IMAX Film
1996 The Island of Dr Moreau Montgomery Nominated  Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor
The Ghost and the Darkness Col. John Henry Patterson
Dead Girl Dr. Dark
1997 The Saint Simon Templar
1998 The Prince of Egypt Moses/God Voice-over
1999 At First Sight Virgil "Virg" Adamson
Joe the King Bob Henry
2000 Pollock Willem de Kooning
Red Planet Robby Gallagher
2002 The Salton Sea Danny Parker / Tom Van Allen Limited release
Prism Award for Best Performance in a Theatrical Feature Film
Hard Cash FBI Agent Mark C. Cornell A.k.a. Run for the Money
2003 Wonderland John Holmes Based on the Wonderland murders
The Missing Lt. Jim Ducharme
Blind Horizon Frank Kavanaugh
Masked and Anonymous Animal Wrangler
2004 Entourage The Sherpa Episode: "The Script and the Sherpa"
Spartan Robert Scott
Stateside Staff Sergeant Skeer
Alexander Philip II of Macedon
George and the Dragon El Cabillo Uncredited
2005 Mindhunters Jake Harris
Kiss Kiss Bang Bang Perry Van Shrike/"Gay Perry" Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
Nominated Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
2006 Summer Love The Wanted Man A.k.a. Dead Man's Bounty
Moscow Zero Andrey
10th & Wolf Murtha
Played Dillon
Déjà Vu Agent Andrew Pryzwarra
The Ten Commandments: The Musical Moses
2007 Have Dreams, Will Travel Henderson
Numb3rs Mason Lancer Episode: "Trust Metric"
2008 Comanche Moon Inish Scull TV mini-series based on the book
Knight Rider Voice of KITT Television film based on 1980s TV series
Conspiracy MacPherson Direct-to-video
Felon John Smith
Delgo Bogardus Voice only
2:22 Maz
Columbus Day John
The Love Guru Himself Uncredited cameo
XIII Mongoose Based on the Belgian comic book of the same name
2009 The Chaos Experiment James Pettis A.k.a. The Steam Experiment
Streets of Blood Detective Andy Devereaux
American Cowslip Todd Inglebrink
The Thaw Dr. David Kruipen
The Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans Stevie Pruit
Hardwired Virgil
Double Identity Dr. Nicholas Pinter
2010 The Traveler The Stranger/Mr. Nobody
Bloodworth Warren Bloodworth
MacGruber Dieter Von Cunth
Gun Angel
2011 Kill the Irishman Joe Manditski
Blood Out Arturo
5 Days of War Dutch Journalist
Twixt Hall Baltimore
Spider-Man: Edge of Time Walker Sloan Video game
2012 Tenacious D "To Be the Best" Himself Music video
Riddle Sheriff Richards
Seven Below McCormick
Wyatt Earp's Revenge Wyatt Earp

References

  1. Ancestry.com, "California Birth Index, 1905-1995" : "Name: Val E Kilmer; Birth Date: Dec 31, 1959-July 5, 2011; Gender: Male; Mother's Maiden Name: Ekstadt; Birth County: Los Angeles. Search.ancestry.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-06.
  2. According to the State of California. California Birth Index, 1905-1995. Center for Health Statistics, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, California. Searchable at http://www.familytreelegends.com/records/39461
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Biography. Val E. Kilmer.com. Retrieved on February 12, 2010.
  4. Val Kilmer Biography (1959). Filmreference.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-06.
  5. Kennedy, , A Long-Lingering Grief That Serves a New Role, The New York Times, April 21, 2002, p. 54. URL accessed on October 24, 2009.
  6. (March 1994)"Going West".
  7. Val Kilmer superhero no more. Jam! Showbiz. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  8. Freedman, Richard, Genius Kilmer Does His Homework, Miami News, 1985-08-20, pp. 3C. URL accessed on 2010-10-26.
  9. Leith, William, A solitary man, The Telegraph, 2004-03-26. URL accessed on 2010-10-26.
  10. http://www.blackbookmag.com/movies/last-tango-in-pecos-1.28985
  11. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/person/101945%7C0/Val-Kilmer/
  12. Batman Returns to His Cave. The Juilliard Journal. Juilliard (December 2005). Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  13. Kilmer will address William Woods Grads (March 2012).
  14. Val Kilmer Biography (1959). Retrieved on February 18, 2008.
  15. Val finds his voice, The Irish Times, December 19, 1998. URL accessed on October 24, 2009.
  16. Val Kilmer. RetroJunk. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  17. http://www.bookride.com/2007/02/my-edens-after-burns-val-kilmer.html
  18. http://www.thespiannet.com/actors/K/kilmer_val/index.shtml
  19. 19.0 19.1 http://movies.yahoo.com/person/val-kilmer/
  20. Inside the Actors Studio. July 9, 2000.
  21. Kilmer's Regret over Early Decisions. ContactMusic. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  22. Top Gun. The Numbers.com. Archived from the original on December 4, 2005. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  23. 23.0 23.1 http://www.angelfire.com/ca2/safari/bravoframe.html
  24. Val Kilmer. Alexander-the-great.co.uk. Retrieved on May 12, 2006.
  25. Manzarek, Ray (1998). Light My Fire: My Life With The Doors, p. 251252, New York, NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons.
  26. Heat (1995). Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  27. The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996). Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  28. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120053/trivia
  29. 29.0 29.1 A Tights Sqeeze
  30. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120053/business
  31. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1997/SAINT.php
  32. Val Kilmer. Mr. Showbiz. Archived from the original on December 21, 2005. Retrieved on October 24, 2009. is playing a blind person a big challenge? It's probably the hardest role I've ever played.
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 Nathan, Ian, Hold me, thrill me, kiss me, Kilmer, Empire, August 1995, pp. 108117. URL accessed on November 20, 2007.
  34. 34.0 34.1 Gordinier, Jeff, Next At Batman, Entertainment Weekly, July 15, 1994. URL accessed on October 14, 2007.
  35. Batman Forever. The Numbers.com. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  36. Batman Forever (1995). Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  37. Red Planet. The Numbers.com. Archived from the original on December 8, 2005. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  38. Salton Sea (2002). Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  39. The Salton Sea. The Numbers.com. Archived from the original on May 9, 2006. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  40. An Interview with Val Kilmer. Ign.com. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  41. Alexander (2004). Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  42. Val Kilmer and the Parting of the Red Sea to Music. All About Jewish Theatre. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  43. Son of God's Army. Deseret News. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  44. The Postman Always Rings Twice. ThisIsTheatre.com. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  45. Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang (2005). Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  46. Kiss Kiss, Bang Bang. The Numbers.com. Retrieved on May 11, 2006.
  47. 47.0 47.1 http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/features/val-kilmer--the-hollywood-bad-boy-done-good-7766422.html
  48. 48.0 48.1 Chuck Klosterman's interview in his essay Crazy things seem normal, normal things seem crazy collected in the New Kings of Nonfiction, edited by Ira Glass
  49. http://twaineddyfilm.com/story.html
  50. http://www.comingsoon.net/news/movienews.php?id=46730
  51. http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2011/08/28/world-indigenous-business-forum-to-feature-val-kilmer-opportunities-to-build-networks-49379
  52. by: Matt. New Mexico Politics: New Mexico FBIHOP:: Val Kilmer: 'I'm not running' for governor. Nmfbihop.com. Retrieved on 2010-10-06.
  53. 53.0 53.1 Baker, J. D. (1986). "Tom Cruise too Dangerous for Beach Volleyball" 7 (10).

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